Bahrain World Trade Center

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The structural design of the Bahrain World Trade Center presented many challenges due to its unique incorporation of wind turbines.  Two major challenges became apparent during initial research.  The first challenge was how to incorporate the wind turbines into the design of the buildings. Instead of placing the turbines on top of the building, where the maximum amount of wind would be,  the architect wanted to incorporate them into the building’s design by placing them on bridges that connect the twin towers. Wind turbines require uninterrupted winds coming directly at them in order to work and are therefore placed on vertical poles with rotors that enable them to turn towards the wind. By putting wind turbines on a bridge they will be horizontally mounted and unable to turn to face changing winds. The second major challenge was the stacking of the wind turbines. Wind speed increases with height, therefore the highest turbine will spin faster than the two below it.  The problem with this is that all three turbines must rotate at the same time or the top turbine will wear out.

General Information

  • Location: Bahrain, Manama            
  • Height: 240 m / 787 ft
  • Height Occupied: 168.8 m / 554 ft
  • Total Building Area: 1,291,699 SF
  • Floors: 50 (45 excluding mezzanines as well as a 4.5 deep single story basement)
  • Total Building Area: 1,291,699 sf
  • Number of Occupants: 6458 people (based on 200 SF/person estimate)
  • Site Area: 45,000 m2
  • Wind Turbine Diameter (Rotor): 29 m
  • Building Elevation Area: 53500 m2
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Bahrain World Trade Center
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