The principle objective of this project is to analysis and design a multi-storeyed building [G + 21 (3 dimensional frame)] using STAAD Pro. The design involves load calculations manually and analyzing the whole structure by STAAD Pro. The design methods used in STAAD-Pro analysis are Limit State Design conforming to Indian Standard Code of Practice. STAAD.Pro features a state-of-the-art user interface, visualization tools, powerful analysis and design engines with advanced finite element and dynamic analysis capabilities. From model generation, analysis and design to visualization and result verification, STAAD.Pro is the professional’s choice. Initially we started with the analysis of simple 2 dimensional frames and manually checked the accuracy of the software with our results. The results proved to be very accurate. We analysed and designed a G + 7 storey building [2-D Frame] initially for all possible load combinations [dead, live, wind and seismic loads].
STAAD.Pro has a very interactive user interface which allows the users to draw the frame and input the load values and dimensions. Then according to the specified criteria assigned it analyses the structure and designs the members with reinforcement details for RCC frames. We continued with our work with some more multi-storeyed 2-D and 3-D frames under various load combinations. Our final work was the proper analysis and design of a G + 21 3-D RCC frame under various load combinations.
We considered a 3-D RCC frame with the dimensions of 4 bays @5m in x-axis and 3 bays @5m in z-axis. The y-axis consisted of G + 21 floors. The total numbers of beams in each floor were 28 and the numbers of columns were 16. The ground floor height was 4m and rest of the 21 floors had a height of 3.3m.The structure was subjected to self weight, dead load, live load, wind load and seismic loads under the load case details of STAAD.Pro. The wind load values were generated by STAAD.Pro considering the given wind intensities at different heights and strictly abiding by the specifications of IS 875. Seismic load calculations were done following IS 1893-2000. The materials were specified and cross-sections of the beam and column members were assigned. The supports at the base of the structure were also specified as fixed. The codes of practise to be followed were also specified for design purpose with other important details. Then STAAD.Pro was used to analyse the structure and design the members. In the post-processing mode, after completion of the design, we can work on the structure and study the bending moment and shear force values with the generated diagrams. We may also check the deflection of various members under the given loading combinations. The design of the building is dependent upon the minimum requirements as prescribed in the Indian Standard Codes. The minimum requirements pertaining to the structural safety of buildings are being covered by way of laying down minimum design loads which have to be assumed for dead loads, imposed loads, and other external loads, the structure would be required to bear. Strict conformity to loading standards recommended in this code, it is hoped, will ensure the structural safety of the buildings which are being designed. Structure and structural elements were normally designed by Limit State Method.
Complicated and high-rise structures need very time taking and cumbersome calculations using conventional manual methods. STAAD.Pro provides us a fast, efficient, easy to use and accurate platform for analysing and designing structures.