This up-to-date and practical text offers a complete and well-rounded approach to modern construction principles and practices. Each chapter, while complementary to other chapters, can be taught on a standalone basis, maximizing instructional flexibility in diverse construction, architecture, and engineering courses. PRINCIPLES & PRACTICES OF COMMERCIAL CONSTRUCTION, 9/e shows how to apply design theory to the final constructed process, and provides crucial working knowledge for all contractors who must effectively manage subcontractors. Progressing from basic through advanced material, it enables students to follow design specifications through a complete project. Since this text is on the approved reference list for numerous states that require contractors to pass licensing exams, it offers even more value for students who may need to pass these exams later. This edition's enhancements include improved chapter organization; a new introductory chapter; and valuable new coverage of Proctor curves.