This "Geotechnical Special Publication" contains 26 papers that were presented at the GeoHunan International Conference, Challenges and Recent Advances in Pavement Technologies and Transportation Geotechnics, held in Changsha, Hunan, China, from August 3 to 6, 2009. The material in these peer-reviewed papers is gracefully balanced between theoretical analyses and practical applications. These papers cover advances in roadway and pavement maintenance and management. The five major topics analyzed in this volume include: advances in laboratory characterization of pavement materials, forensic studies, rehabilitation strategy selection and preventative maintenance treatments, roadway widening, stabilization, recycling, foamed bitumen and emulsion, and granular materials. This publication will be valuable to pavement engineers, researchers, and practitioners in providing improved road pavement infrastructure. Geotechnical professors and students, design engineers, contractors, and others involved in geotechnical engineering will also benefit. RANKING: Moderate.